The agrifood sector, a solid pillar of the Georgian economy
Georgia is traditionally an agricultural country, which has has favorable climatic and natural conditions conducive to development of agriculture. 43.4% (more than 3 million hectares) of the whole territory of Georgia is designated as agricultural land which also includes pastures and meadows. 43% of the area is covered with forest.
Georgia’s fertile soil and favorable climate support production of a wide variety of high‐value agricultural products including grapes and wine, nuts (hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts, and chestnuts), citrus fruits, apples, peaches, and apricots.
For Georgia, agriculture remains an important sector in terms of GDP contribution. In 2016, agriculture accounted for 12.4 percent of GDP.
Georgia has more than 500 varieties of indigenous grapes, including endangered vines found nowhere else on Earth. Grapes are not used only for wine, but also for traditional Georgian sweets - Churchkhela - nuts dipped in thickened grape juice.